Originally found on: beautifulpatienceforever(via islamic-art-and-quotes)
"Vicious" Leopard seal tries to keep national geographic photographer alive by feeding him penguins.
And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient,
sūrat al-baqarah [2:155]
Ever wondered how the Muslim calendar started? How the months were derived and why it was actually composed like how it is now?
Did you know that it was another reason that strengthen the unity of Islam? Ma sha Allah.
Like the event of choosing the Adhaan, the choosing and deciding of making the Muslim calendar went through same process, the Companions Radiyallahu Anhum also went thorough study about this, they also suggested similar ways as other nations.
Some companions Radiyallahu Anhum suggested that it should be like the Roman calendar but then it was rejected due to the many reasons like it was too long and was filled with many events that were specific to other different nation.
Then some suggested about the Persian calendar but then again the idea was rejected because with Persians every time a new king was put into the throne, their previous dating would be abolished.
That is why, ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab Radiyallahu Anhu based the Muslim calendar on the Hijrah (migration) of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. Hence making him the first person to number the Muslim calendar.
But then, the basing of when it started was again a discussion, Ibn. Hajr Rahimahullah said:
'Umar consulted the companions about dating the Muslim calendar, they found that they could base the beginning of their calendar on four events: the birthdate of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam, the month and year during the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasssalaam first received revelation, the migration of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam and the month and year during which the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasssalaam passed away.
Yet the Muslims would disagree about the exact date of the Prophet’s birth and of the first Time the Prophet received revelation, also they didn’t want to base their calendar on the date of the Prophet’s death, since it would only arouse feelings of sadness and pain. So it was only the Hijra that remained.
Indeed through this simple act of establishing a unique Muslim calendar, ‘Umar helped promote further unity among the Muslims.
Muslims were already united by a single religion; by a bond of brotherhood- a bond that took only faith into consideration, and not other factors such as skin color, race or lineage. They were united by a single Qiblah, the direction they all faced during Prayer, no matter where they were on earth- and now they were also united by the same calendar, by the same means by which they would record the events of their collective and proud history.
About the Muharram being the first month, Ibn Hajar Rahimahullah further says:
"They agreed upon Muharram instead of Rabi’ul-Awwal because the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam first made a firm resolve to migrate to Madinah in the month of Muharram. The second pledge of Al-‘Aqabah took place in Dhul-Hijjah, which represented the first stage of the Prophet’s migration. After the second pledge of Al-‘Aqabah took place, and after the PropheT Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam made a firm resolve to migrate to Madinah, the first new moon that appeared was the new moon of Muharram, thus making Muharram the appropriate first month of the Muslim calendar."
May we become great holders of historical triumphs of Islam, that in our hearts these great events that happened in the Muslim history and world history will continue to live in our heart even if written history couldn’t give justice to it, but like how the ahadith survived, let our Muslim historical events shine through our lives.
Al Mustadrak, Al Hakim: 3/14
Note: This is part of the collection of Golden Stories of the Sahabah Stories, which narrates and shares the amazing stories of the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum as taken from excerpts of their lives.